LEAD ABATEMENT is an activity to reduce levels of lead (Pb), particularly in the home environment, generally to permanently eliminate lead-based paint hazards, in order to reduce or eliminate incidents of lead poisoning.
Lead abatement may be undertaken in response to orders by state or local government. It requires specialized techniques that local construction contractors typically DO NOT have. It includes activities such as lead-based paint inspections, risk assessments and lead-based paint removal.
In the United States, lead abatement activities are regulated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency(EPA), Occupational Safety and Health Administration(OSHA), and Housing and Urban Development (HUD). The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) also gets involved in statute enforcements.
Individuals and firms that conduct lead-based paint activities, including abatement, must be certified and licensed by local state of practice. Lead abatement is distinguished from Renovation, Repair and Painting (RRP) programs, which are typically performed at the option of the property owner for aesthetic or other reasons, or as an interim control to minimize lead hazards. RPP programs are not designed to permanently eliminate lead-based paint hazards.
Lead contamination is defined as .5% (or greater) micrograms per gram in paint. An action must be taken if air quality has a lead content equal to or greater than 30 micrograms per meter cubed.